Date of Degree

6-2020

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.

Program

Liberal Studies

Advisor

Susan Dumais

Keywords

Neurological Disorders, Children & youth

Abstract

There has been an increase in the diagnosis of neurodevelopmental disorders over the past decade, as shown by multiple studies. A particular interest has been on disorders that afflict children at an early age and persist throughout their life, such as Autism, now known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), previously referred to as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). The impact of these disorders has instigated extensive research into their signs and symptoms, causes and risk factors, diagnosis in terms of available diagnostic tools and processes, available treatment options, conventional and unconventional, as well as, pharmacological or medication-based and non-pharmacological ones such as behavior therapy and brain balance programs. This thesis examines all these elements, combining information from diverse sources, to provide a comprehensive outlook on ASD and ADHD and the current state of diagnostic and treatment options. The goal is to examine progress achieved while adding to the literature on prospects in management of ASD and ADHD, whether using medications or alternative therapies.

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