Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name



Liberal Studies


Cindy Lobel

Subject Categories

English Language and Literature | History


Anti-hero, Comics, Hero, Marvel, New York City, Vigilante


This thesis argues that the creation of street level, vigilante heroes The Punisher and Daredevil created by Marvel Comics authors and illustrators in the late 1970s and early 1980s reflected the socio-economic environment of New York City at this same moment in history. By examining an era of New York that was fiscally and socially tense along with the development of characters created by the New York based Marvel Comics, I aim to show how their creation was directly related to the environment which they were produced in.



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