Date of Degree


Document Type

Capstone Project

Degree Name



International Migration Studies


Jamie Longazel

Subject Categories

Environmental Studies | Migration Studies | Poetry


migration, poetry, cities, New York, suburbs, identity


Immigrants are a key component in New York City’s pandemic. Historically, New York is a city of immigrants and their children. In the latter part of the 20th Century, more immigrants arrived due to changes in migration policy. There was also an increased outmigration through second and third generations, which mirrors an economic trajectory seen in previous points in history, mainly in the 1970s. At that time, there was the lure of government policies – from federal mortgage agencies that graded white suburban areas as safer areas for banks to make loans than racially mixed urban areas, to road construction that literally paved the way for an outflow from the city. This collection attempts to narrate the flow of migrants in New York City and its Eastern suburban sprawl throughout time, with a consideration of the natural formation of the land and its peoples. The capstone originated in unexpected study during the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City where the work asks the question, does New York’s moving population of immigrants change when they move here, and how do people on the move change the land?