Date of Degree
Anna Indych Lopez
Architectural History and Criticism | Fine Arts | History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology | Latin American History | Latin American Languages and Societies | Latin American Literature | Latina/o Studies | Modern Art and Architecture | Theory and Criticism | Urban, Community and Regional Planning
Art, Architecture, Urbanism, Brazil, Latin America, Decolonial
This dissertation deploys a multidisciplinary and decolonial framework to investigate the architecture of cortiços, the Favela Hill, the Castelo Hill, and the Ministry of Education and Public Health (MES) building as constitutive of the history of modernization and modernity in the Centro (city center) of Rio de Janeiro, 1811-1945. The first three chapters investigate the distinct geographies, formal and material qualities, and populations of cortiços, the Favela Hill, and the Castelo Hill, as well as their racialization and essentialization by the “unsanitary” and “degenerate” labels bestowed upon these landscapes by the state. Traditional narratives and practices of modern architecture and urban planning in Rio typically position these landscapes in contrast to the modernist architecture of the MES building, the subject of the fourth chapter. Instead, by situating the history of modernization and modernity in the Centro within a longer historical trajectory, rooted in Brazilian colonial history, spanning the period from the construction of Valongo Wharf to the end of the Estado Novo dictatorship, this dissertation argues that cortiços, the Favela Hill, the Castelo Hill, and the MES building were all integral to the invention and built environment of the modern capital. By placing the histories of informal and formal city building within the history of modernization of the Centro, this study fills a gap in the history of Brazilian modernism and contributes to the critical reflection on the racialized epistemologies of colonialist and Corbusian legacies that frame incomplete histories of architecture and modernity in Brazil.
Valle, Luisa, "The Beehive, the Favela, the Castle, and the Ministry: Race and Modern Architecture in Rio de Janeiro, 1811–1945" (2022). CUNY Academic Works.
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Architectural History and Criticism Commons, Fine Arts Commons, Latin American History Commons, Latin American Languages and Societies Commons, Latin American Literature Commons, Latina/o Studies Commons, Modern Art and Architecture Commons, Theory and Criticism Commons, Urban, Community and Regional Planning Commons