Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name



Criminal Justice


Maria M. Haberfeld

Subject Categories

Criminology | Criminology and Criminal Justice




In the aftermath of the 9/11, Homeland Security became the major model of the American Policing system, thus superseding community policing model. The purpose of this research is to use "before and after study design" to follow the grant trends of policing systems in order to examine whether the catastrophic events of 9/11 had a positive or negative impact on the grant funds of the mentioned policing models. Preliminary analyses revealed that there is significant difference in the mean level of funding prior and after the event for Homeland Security, community policing, and general policing programs. Segmented and Stepwise Regressions found a negative impact of the event on general policing funds and positive impact of the event on Homeland Security after the event, which shows the proof of shift in the policy. The event's impact on Homeland Security funds at the U.S level has a strong model. Furthermore, the regression confirms a statistically significant increase in Homeland Security fund trend for New York City after the event. Additionally, the study found the U.S general policing received less grant money before 9/11 than after the event at both the U.S and New York level. T-test indicated the significant mean level; and Segmented and Stepwise regression also predicted that the fund trend of Homeland security increased after the event. With the results from these analyses, it can be argued that the policing policy had a major shift after the event.