Date of Degree
Speech Pathology and Audiology
Outer and middle ear pathologies are common and highly treatable conditions that affect children worldwide. While data on the prevalence of outer and middle ear disorders in children in North America and other developed countries is ample, such data in developing countries is oftentimes scarce. Determining the prevalence of outer and middle ear disorders is vital, as these types of disorders, if left untreated, can have medical, audiological, and educational implications. Both the identification and treatment of outer and middle ear pathologies are especially important in Haiti, a country that has a severe lack of medical resources, and is especially devastated since the earthquake in 2010.
The purpose of this study was to collect otoscopic and tympanometric data on schoolchildren (ages 5 – 8) in a kindergarten and primary school in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. The otoscopic and tympanometric data were collected and statistically analyzed, and recommendations and referrals to proper medical professionals were issued. Issuing referrals is vital; especially since the prevalence of serious middle ear disorders (such as chronic suppurative otitis media) are more prevalent in developing countries, and, if left untreated, more serious middle ear disorders can occur, and have potentially devastating consequences.
May, Ellen, "Otoscopic and Tympanometric Outcomes in Haitian Children" (2014). CUNY Academic Works.