Date of Degree


Document Type


Degree Name



Liberal Studies


Stephen Brier

Subject Categories

American Studies | Digital Humanities | History


Japanese American internment, Los Angeles, Text Encoding Inititative, digital history


On May 6, 1942, Dr. Peter Marie Suski assigned my great-grandfather, Willis M. Hawley, power of attorney to manage his personal affairs when he and his family, along with 120,000 Japanese Americans, were forcibly removed from the Pacific Coast to one of ten U.S. government internment camps. The two men began a regular and frequent correspondence that would continue throughout the war and beyond, producing at least 566 pages of letters between 1942-1960. Dr. Suski and Mr. Hawley wrote as friends, book collectors, and scholars of the Japanese and Chinese languages, and their letters comprise a richly detailed source for biographical and social history. This thesis project uses the TEI schema of XML to encode the letters and identify the topical threads running through them, creating a digital edition that examines the histories of the two men and their correspondence, while considering the ethical implications of digitizing a collection of personal letters.

tei_hsl.rnc (279 kB)
Custom TEI Schema

hsl_header_template.xml (7 kB)
TEI Header Template

hsl_editorial.xml (2 kB)
TEI Editorial Topics

hsl_pers.xml (29 kB)
TEI Personography

hsl_org.xml (11 kB)
TEI Orgography

hsl0001_tei.xml (9 kB)
Sample Encoded Letter 1

hsl0002_tei.xml (12 kB)
Sample Encoded Letter 2

hsl_authority_files.xlsx (10 kB)
Authority Files - Genre Terms

densho_vocabulary_v3.2.xlsx (19 kB)
Authority Files - Controlled Vocabulary