To generate more inclusive environments for marginalized urban communities of color demands a strategy that privileges symbolic boundary change and uses it as the inroad towards spatial changes. This paper theorizes a three step relational process of a) communicative democratic activism, b) "multicultural" capital brokers providing access to the policy making process, and c) practices of community building that reflect the role of cities as key sites for sociospatial boundary transformation. An emphasis on discursive and ideational change, relying on communicative democratic processes steeped in historical, comparative analysis opens up our minds towards different classification schemes for stigmatized groups. Participating political elites bridge U.S. political and economic power structures that perpetuate inequality, so that efforts at symbolic change can be channeled towards and result in concrete change. These elites lead urban community organizations that carry out the processes of community building that bring this sociospatial transformation full circle.
Graham, Leigh, "THEORIZING MORE INCLUSIVE CITIES: A Relational Model of Boundary Transformation and Urban Research Agenda" (2014). CUNY Academic Works.
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