Graduation Date

Fall 12-16-2016

Grading Professor

Margot Mifflin

Subject Concentration

Arts & Culture

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


The piece is a critical essay about the work and life of Tupac Shakur, pegged to his recent nomination for the Rock N' Roll Hall of Fame, and the two movies about him planned for 2017. My multimedia elements are photos and an audio essay.

Audio or Video Files

pac-building2.jpg (1680 kB)
A common Tupac Shakur refrain painted on a building in West Oakland, Calif. Shakur created much of his early music in Oakland and referenced the city, and California, often. Photo: Devin Holt. Friday, November 25, 2016. Oakland, Calif.

pac-hanging1-500.jpg (200 kB)
Tupac Shakur as "The Hanged Man," in The Black Power Tarot at Joy Gallery in San Francisco's Bayview neighborhood. The installation was created by Berlin artist King Khan and Game of Thrones designer Michael Eaton. They drew important African American cultural figures as characters from tarot cards. Shakur was the only rapper included. Photo: Devin Holt. Friday, November 25, 2016. San Francisco, Calif.

pac-street.jpg (778 kB)
Tupac Shakur next to his rival Christopher Wallace, who rapped as "Biggie Smalls," in a series of paintings by Oakland-based artist Cori Pillows. While Shakur remains a pop-culture icon outside of hip-hop, Wallace is rarely seen in artistic works without reference to his feud with Shakur. Photo: Devin Holt. Friday, November 25, 2016. Oakland, Calif.

Holt_tupacessay4.mp3 (7855 kB)
EXPLICIT: Tupac Shakur, Then, Now and Biggie; A Musical Field Trip



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