Graduation Date

Fall 12-16-2016

Grading Professor

Frederick Kaufman

Subject Concentration

Health & Science

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


The global sex toy industry is worth a full $15 billion, and approximately half of America's adult population have previously incorporated a vibrator into sexual play. And yet, despite sex toys’ ubiquity in the boudoir, no local or federal authorities have taken on the mantle of regulating the safety of sex toys -- some of which have been reported to break during use, electrocute its user, or even leach poisonous chemicals.

In the absence of regulatory strictures, can sex educators, toy manufacturers, and adult store owners ensure adult products are safe enough for a growing customer base?

This narrative takes a deep dive into the workings of an outlaw industry and its rapidly changing face.

Link to project:

Audio or Video Files

DATA_CLEANED_lee_samantha.docx (1276 kB)
Map of sex positive toy stores in the U.S



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