We investigate the localization of charged particles by the image potential of spherical shells, such as fullerene buckyballs. These spherical image states exist within surface potentials formed by the competition between the attractive image potential and the repulsive centripetal force arising from the angular motion. The image potential has a power law rather than a logarithmic behavior. This leads to fundamental differences in the nature of the effective potential for the two geometries. Our calculations have shown that the captured charge is more strongly localized closest to the surface for fullerenes than for cylindrical nanotube.
Gumbs, Godfrey; Balassis, Antonios; Iurov, Andrii; and Fekete, Paula, "Strongly Localized Image States of Spherical Graphitic Particles" (2014). CUNY Academic Works.