Date of Award

Fall 12-2021

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Criminal Justice



First Advisor or Mentor

Deborah Koetzle

Second Reader

Jeff Mellow


To reduce recidivism, many correctional programs and interventions have been introduced to offenders. Though, the rate of recidivism remains exceedingly high. To improve program outcomes, it is important to match the dosage of a program to risk levels. However, there is not a standardized definition and measurement of program dosage. This thesis extends the study on identifying the definition and measurement of dosage and the effectiveness of the programs by conducting a systematic review of prior research. The results indicate that as a treatment dosage, treatment duration was more frequently used compared to treatment intensity to reduce recidivism rate of the incarcerated participants.



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