Date of Award

Spring 5-16-2022

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Criminal Justice



First Advisor or Mentor

Heath Grant

Second Reader

Katarzyna Celinska


Red-collar crime is an understudied phenomenon that occurs when white-collar crime turns into physical violence and/or death (also known as fraud-detection homicide). Frank S. Perri, coined the term red-collar crime following his study of 27 homicides that occurred at the same time as or before the deadly white-collar criminal occurrences. This study explores the generalizability and practicality of this definition as applied to a new set of cases. Using a case study analysis of six cases this study analyzed the behavioral characteristics of these offenders meeting Perri's definition; Characteristics such as entitlement, lack of empathy, power orientation, rationalizations, exploitations, and a general disregard for rules and social norms were all found in this sample in alignment with Perri’s theorized matrix. This study affirms the similarity of red-collar offender behavior to street-level criminals suggested by Perri. Practical considerations and suggestions for future research are provided.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.