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This paper describes a technique for the sonification of an idealized model of the flocking behavior of birds, fish, and insects. Flocking agents are represented by pitches that move through time to produce chords of variable dissonance. The objective of each agent is to move toward more consonant chord formations with other agents. The output of the sonification is intended to provide material for use in musical composition.


This work was originally published in in Proceedings of the 2009 International Computer Music Conference (ICMC 2009), Montréal, Canada, August 16-21, 2009, Michigan Publishing, University of Michigan Library, Ann Arbor, pp. 387-390. Online ISSN: 2223-3881. Permalink:



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