Pliocene uplifting of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) and Quaternary glaciation may have impacted the Asian biota more than any other events. Little is documented with respect to how the geological and climatological events influenced speciation as well as spatial and genetic structuring, especially in vertebrate endotherms. Macaca mulatta is the most widely distributed non-human primate. It may be the most suitable model to test hypotheses regarding the genetic consequences of orogenesis on an endotherm.
Wu SJ, Luo J, Li QQ, Wang YQ, Murphy RW, Blair C, Wu, SF, Yue BS, Zhang YP. 2013. Ecological genetics of Chinese rhesus macaque in response to mountain building: all things are not equal. PLoS One 8(2): e55315. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055315.