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On October 29, 2012, Superstorm Sandy caused nearly $19 billion in damages in New York City including 69,000 residential units across the five boroughs. This disaster precipitated a post-disaster-rebuilding (PDR) project including roughly $4.2 billion in a Community Development Block Grant allocated towards PDR projects. A portion of the grant was used to construct a living breakwater in Tottenville, Staten Island, consisting of a resiliency approach to risk reduction through erosion prevention, wave energy attenuation, and enhancement of ecosystems and social resiliency to improve resistance to storms for the community of Tottenville. The ridges of each breakwater are designed with intertidal saddles filled with precast ecological concrete tidal pool units that interlock with armor stones. The armor stones and artificial intertidal pools made of ecologically enhanced concrete act as structural armor, imitating natural rock pools to supply a haven for multiple marine life by creating an artificial habitat. Extrapolated from the publicly available information related to the timing and procurement of the project including the shoreline restoration phase, scheduled construction around the migration patterns of certain marine life, and the specific times in the day when construction is allowed, a conceptual timeline of the schedule was generated. The research methodology included reviewing, compiling, and using the available information to create a conceptual project schedule for the living breakwater portion of the construction. This project builds on the review of literature and project success factor analysis conducted in “Investigating Project Success Factors in Post-Disaster Rebuilding Efforts in NYC”.


This poster was presented at the 36th Semi-Annual Dr. Janet Liou-Mark Honors & Undergraduate Research Poster Presentation, May 5, 2022. Mentor: Anne Marie Sowder (Construction Management and Civil Engineering Technology).