Perineuronal nets (PNNs) are a form of aggregate Extracellular Matrix (ECM) in the brain. Recent evidence suggests that the postnatal deposition of PNNs may play an active role in regulating neuroplasticity and, potentially, neurological disorders. Observations of high levels of PNNs expression around somas, proximal dendrites, and axon initial segments of a subtype of neurons have also led to proposals that PNNs may modulate the intrinsic properties of the neurons they ensheathe. While high levels of PNNs are postnatally expressed throughout the neocortex, it is still unclear how they impact the neuronal physiology of the many classes and subtypes of neurons that exist. In this study, we demonstrate that Chondroitinase ABC digestion of PNNs from acute cortical slices from juvenile mice (P28-35) resulted in neuron specific impacts on intrinsic physiology. Fast spiking interneurons showed decreased input resistance, resting membrane potential, reduced action potential peaks and altered spontaneous synaptic inputs. Low Threshold Spiking interneurons showed altered rebound depolarization’s and decreased frequency of spontaneous synaptic inputs. Putative excitatory neurons; regular spiking, bursting, and doublet phenotypes did not demonstrate any alterations. Our data indicate that chABC sensitive PNNs may subtype specifically regulate the intrinsic and synaptic physiology of inhibitory interneurons.
Chu, Philip, Reena Abraham, Kumarie Budhu, Usma Khan, Natalie De Marco Garcia and Joshua C. Brumberg. "The Impact of Perineuronal Net Digestion using Chondroitinase ABC on the Intrinsic Physiology of Cortical Neurons." Neuroscience, vol. 388, September 2018, pp. 23-38, doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.07.004. Accepted manuscript reprinted in CUNY Academic Works.
Available for download on Saturday, August 17, 2019