The clinical potential of PARP-1 inhibitors has been recognized N10 years ago, prompting intensive research on their pharmacological application in several branches of medicine, particularly in oncology. However, natural or acquired resistance of tumors to known PARP-1 inhibitors poses a serious problemfor their clinical implementation. Present study aims to reignite clinical interest to PARP-1 inhibitors by introducing a new method of identifying highly potent inhibitors and presenting the largest known collection of structurally diverse inhibitors. The majority of PARP-1 inhibitors known to date have been developed as NAD competitors. NAD is utilized by many enzymes other than PARP-1, resulting in a trade-off trap between their specificity and efficacy. To circumvent this problem, we have developed a new strategy to blindly screen a small molecule library for PARP-1 inhibitors by targeting a highly specific rout of its activation. Based on this screen, we present a collection of PARP-1 inhibitors and provide their structural classification. In addition to compounds that show structural similarity to NAD or known PARP-1 inhibitors, the screen identified structurally newnon-NAD-like inhibitors that block PARP-1 activity in cancer cellswith greater efficacy and potency than classical PARP-1 inhibitors currently used in clinic. These non-NAD-like PARP-1 inhibitors are effective against several types of human cancer xenografts, including kidney, prostate, and breast tumors in vivo. Our pre-clinical testing of these inhibitors using laboratory animals has established a strong foundation for advancing the new inhibitors to clinical trials.
Thomas, Colin; Ji, Yingbiao; Lodhi, Niraj; Kotova, Elena; Pinnola, Aaron Dan; Golovine, Konstantin; Makhov, Peter; Pechenkina, Kate; Kolenko, Vladimir; and Tulin, Alexei V., "Non-NAD-Like poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 Inhibitors effectively Eliminate Cancer in vivo" (2016). CUNY Academic Works.