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We assessed predictors of choosing self-administered oral HIV testing in the clinic with supervision versus the standard provider-administered blood test when offered the choice among 149 Kenyan truck drivers, described the types of guidance participants needed during self-testing and predictors of needing guidance. Overall, 56.38% of participants chose the self-test, 23.49% the provider-administered test, and 20.13% refused testing. In the adjusted regression models, each additional unit on the fatalism and self-efficacy scales was associated with 0.97 (p = 0.003) and 0.83 (p = 0.008) times lower odds of choosing the self-test, respectively. Overall, 52.38% of self-testers did so correctly without questions, 47.61% asked questions, and 13.10% required unsolicited correction from the provider. Each additional unit on the fatalism scale was associated with 1.07 times higher odds of asking for guidance when self-testing (p\0.001). Self-administered oral HIV testing seems to be acceptable and feasible among Kenyan truck drivers, especially if given the opportunity to ask questions.


This article was originally published in AIDS Behavior, available at

This is an open access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



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