Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2021


Provides an introduction to ecological reasoning through study of New York City’s geologic origins and transformations over time: natural and man-made environments, cultural history, biological diversity, habitats, and invasive species. Lectures, discussion, virtual labs and field experiences show how various elements have combined over time to form the current urban metropolis. Students will formulate testable hypothesis, collect and analyze field data, create well-developed laboratory reports.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License