Date of Award

Fall 12-7-2015

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Chris Braun

Second Advisor

Steve Zawistowski

Academic Program Adviser

Mark Hauber


This study explored using no-reward markers (NRMs). Dogs were taught a novel trick. In the IG group dogs’ errors were ignored; in the NRM group they elicited a tone. Performance and stress were evaluated. IG dogs reached higher levels of performance, with no difference in the frequency of stress behaviors.


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