Master of Arts (MA)
The federal government has funded electronic monitoring of undocumented immigrants awaiting deportation hearings since 2005, but a spike of refugees from Central America since 2014 have lead the program to be used more and more on women with children fleeing gang violence in the Northern Triangle. The program is run by a private prison company that also handles electronic monitoring for parolees. Advocates believe this brings up ethical questions about surveillance technologies that should be addressed, but officials claim it is a cheap and more humane solution than detention.
Abraham, Roshan, "Migrant Surveillance: How the Federal Government Monitors Asylum Seekers" (2016). CUNY Academic Works.