Date of Award

Summer 8-4-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Dr. Liv Van de Graaff

Second Advisor

Dr. Diana Reiss

Academic Program Adviser

Dr. Diana Reiss


This study investigates how visitor presence influences affective states of captive red kangaroos housed in a walk-through zoo exhibit by using motivation to consume a food reward in desired vs undesired locations and with/without an additional challenge feeder as a proxy for affective state, while considering individual variation and personality.



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