Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Joshua Plotnik

Second Advisor

James Gordon

Academic Program Adviser

Joshua Plotnik


This study investigated object permanence in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) using visible and invisible test paradigms with single and multiple object displacements. Elephants were predicted to succeed, demonstrating a capacity for object permanence and for using vision in a cognitive task. Study outcomes supported these predictions.


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