Date of Award

Spring 4-6-2020

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Partha Deb

Second Advisor

Monica Deza

Academic Program Adviser

Karna Basu


This paper estimates the effects of prenatal exposure to maternal Ramadan fasting on the development of non-cognitive skills. To study this relationship, I employ a general structural equation model (GSEM) on a sample of Muslims from the fifth wave of the Indonesian Life and Family Survey (IFLS). The results of this study find that in utero exposure to Ramadan is associated with lower levels of agreeableness and conscientiousness, and higher levels of neuroticism. The impacts I find on agreeableness and conscientiousness are driven by third trimester exposure and the sub-sample of women. The impacts on neuroticism are driven by exposure in the first and second trimesters and the sub-sample of men.



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