Date of Award

Summer 8-4-2021

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Daniel Hurewitz

Second Advisor

Laura Schor

Academic Program Adviser

Karen Kern


This paper examines trailblazing American female doctors of the nineteenth century in New York. Through the lives of Dr. Susan Smith Mckinney Steward, who is black, and Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, who is white, this analysis tries to understand what motivated these women and how they succeeded in spite of the confines of women’s prescriptive role in nineteenth-century America.



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