Date of Award

Spring 5-19-2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Thomas Preuss

Second Advisor

James Gordon

Academic Program Adviser

Mark E. Hauber


In this study, we revealed how visual and audio stimuli are integrated during goldfish escape startle by analyzing startle response probabilities and latencies evoked by individual and combined presentations of a short (5 ms) audio pips and a long lasting (900 ms) gradually increasing visual looms.



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