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This conference paper looks at the struggle to desegregate New York's City's public schools in the immediate aftermath of the Brown v Board of Education decision in 1954. For the first three years following the Supreme Court decision, the New York City Board of Education make public overtures toward fulfilling the letter and spirit of Brown in New York, but in practice the Board of Education engaged in stalling and half-measures that succeeded in effectively stopping widespread school desegregation in the city.


Kristopher Burrell. “Would Brown Make It to New York City? The First Phase of the Battle for School Integration, 1954-1957.” Hooks Institute Publications. October 2003.



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