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This conference paper studied the significance of African Americans' efforts to organize around education in New York City during the 1830s. There was a proliferation of black-led educational institutions in the aftermath of slavery's end in the city. These institutions were part of a broader effort to prove that African Americans deserved full citizenship in the State and country during the 1830s. What was happening in New York City was not occurring in a vacuum and the paper briefly puts what was occurring in New York City within a regional context, as well.


Kristopher Burrell. “Emancipation, Elevation, and Education: Black Educational Institutions in New York City during the 1830s.” Hooks Institute Publications. October 2002.



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