Publications and Research

Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 3-13-2017


John Jay College conducted a quasi-experimental evaluation of Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. by comparing justice system outcomes for a sample of Florida youth served by YAP, Inc. with a matched comparison sample of youth supervised by the public juvenile probation department. This report discusses the outcomes for YAP youth and provides estimations for the savings generated from reducing the need for commitment and out-of-home placement among court-involved youth.


Evans, Douglas, Megan O’Toole and Jeffrey A. Butts (2016). Savings Rate: How Wraparound Advocacy May Reduce the Consequences and Costs of State Commitment for Justice-Involved Youth. New York, NY: Research & Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York.



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