Most mathematicians are aware of the importance of statistics in biological sciences, business, and economics, but are less aware that statistics is used every day in experimental physics. This paper gives three interesting examples of how statistics plays a vital role in physics. These examples use the basic statistical tools of residuals analysis and goodness of fit.
Pfaff, Thomas J.; Sipos, Maksim; Sullivan, M. C.; Thompson, B. G.; and Tran, Max, "The Use of Statistics in Experimental Physics" (2013). CUNY Academic Works.