Publications and Research

Document Type


Publication Date



This paper apply an statistical technique to correct radiometric data measured by Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometers(AVHRR) onboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellites(POES). This paper study Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) stability in the NOAA/NESDIS Global Vegetation Index (GVI) data for the period 1982-2003. AVHRR weekly data for the five NOAA afternoon satellites NOAA-7, NOAA-9, NOAA-11, NOAA-14, and NOAA-16 are used for the China dataset, for it includes a wide variety or different ecosystems represented globally. GVI has found wide use for studying and monitoring land surface, atmosphere, and recently for analyzing climate and environmental changes. Unfortunately the POES AVHRR data, though informative, can not be directly used in climate change studies because of the orbital drift in the NOAA satellites over these satellites' life time. This orbital drift introduces errors in AVHRR data sets for some satellites. To correct this error of satellite data, this paper implements Empirical Distribution Function (EDF) which is a statistical technique to generate error free long-term time-series for GVI data sets. It allows one to represent any global ecosystem from desert to tropical forest and to correct deviations in satellite data due to orbit degradation. The corrected datasets can be used as proxy to study climate change, epidemic analysis, and drought prediction etc.


This article originally appeared in Proceedings of SPIE, available at



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.