Most of the programs listed below are interdisciplinary, i.e., they combine courses in literature, language, or culture with work in sociology, anthropology, economics, political science, history, philosophy, psychology, biology, and related fields. Some programs offer minors (denoted by Min) or certificates (denoted by Cer); others award the A.A. degree or the B.A. degree; still others offer the M.A. or Ph.D. Programs listed without a specific label offer a roster of elective courses. Where no coordinator, director, or chairperson is listed, either the program is still in the process of organization or it has chosen to function through a committee, rather than a single individual. Write to individual programs for more specific information , bulletins, catalogs, or course offerings.